Plaza Chica – Gertrudis Bocanegra in Patzcuaro (Video)
There is a plaza in Pátzcuaro named Gertrudis Bocanegra. It has a bronze statute of her in the center. That square is also known as “Plaza Chica”.
Gertrudis Bocanegra was born in April 11, 1765 in Pátzcuaro, Michoacán. Unusually for a woman of her time, Bocanegra had read the principal authors of the Age of Enlightenment. She married Lieutenant Pedro Advícula de la Vega, a soldier in the Spanish provincial forces of Michoacán.
Her husband and one of her sons joined the forces of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla when the insurgents passed through Valladolid (now Morelia) in October 1810. Both of them died in the war.
She served as a messenger for the insurgents in the region of Pátzcuaro and Tacámbaro, helping to form a communications network between the principal locations of the rebellion.
She was betrayed and taken prisoner by the royal army in 1817. She was sentenced to death, and the sentence was carried out October 11, 1817 in Pátzcuaro, where she had been born 52 years before. Facing the firing squad, she harangued her executioners before she was shot.